Future Perfect tense
Future Perfect tense

Future Perfect Tense : Pengertian, Fungsi, Rumus, Dan Contoh Kalimat Beserta Latihan Soal

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Future Perfect Tense : Pengertian, Fungsi, Rumus, Dan Contoh Kalimat Beserta Latihan Soal

Apa itu Future Perfect Tense ?

The future perfect tense digunakan untuk menjelaskan suatu kegiatan yang akan selesai pada waktu tertentu di masa depan.

The future perfect tense adalah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau keadaan yang telah selesai dilakukan pada waktu tertentu dimasa akan datang.

Future Perfect tense
Future Perfect tense

Dalam tenses ini ada tambahan time Expressions-

Yaitu ungkapan seperti: by the time, by then, by the year 2008, by March 25th  untuk menjelaskan berbagai jenis aktifitas atau kegiatan.

Untuk membentuk kalimat future perfect simple, kita menggunakan pola:

Will have + V3 (past participle) form of the verb.


Referensi Materi dari IBI yang wajib kita ketahui :


Fungsi

The future perfect tense mengacu pada tindakan yang sudah lengkap di masa depan.  Ketika kita menggunakan tenses ini berarti kita memproyeksikan diri kita maju ke masa depan dan melihat kembali pada tindakan yang akan selesai beberapa waktu kemudian diwaktu sekarang. Hal ini paling sering digunakan dengan ekspresi waktu yang sudah disebutkan diatas. Perhatikan contoh dibawah ini.

EXAMPLES
  • I will have beenhere for six months on June 23rd. aku akan telah di sini selama enam bulan pada 23 Juni.
  • By the time you read thisI will have left. pada saat Anda membaca ini saya akan memiliki kiri.
  • You will have finished your report by this time next week. Anda akan selesai laporan Anda saat ini Minggu depan.
  • Won’t they have arrivedby 5:00? tidak akan mereka telah tiba oleh 5:00?
  • Will you have eaten when I pick you up? Akan Anda sudah makan ketika aku menjemput Anda?

Rumus

Subject will /will not + have + (V3) form of the verb (Past Participle) Rest of Sentence

 

The future perfect terdiri dari elements, yaitu:
the simple future of the verb “to have” (will have) + the past participle of the main verb

Subject + will have + past participle of the main verb
He will have Finished.
I will have Finished.

TO ARRIVE, FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

Affirmative Negative Interrogative Negative Interrogative
I will have arrived I won’t have arrived Will I have arrived? Won’t I have arrived?
You will have arrived You won’t have arrived Will you have arrived? Won’t you have arrived?
He will have arrived He won’t have arrived Will he have arrived? Won’t he have arrived?
We will have arrived We won’t have arrived Will we have arrived? Won’t we have arrived?
They will have arrived They won’t have arrived Will they have arrived? Won’t they have arrived?

Yes/No Questions – Future Perfect Tense

Untuk membentuk Yes/No questions dalam future perfect tense kita menggunakan:

Will/Won’t + Subject + have + V3 (past participle) form of the verb.

Auxiliary Verb Subject Verb in V3
(Past Participle)
Rest of Sentence

 

Will I / you / we / they
he / she / it
have gone home by then?
Won’t have eaten dinner by the time I get home?

 

Contoh.

  1. Will she have gotten her passport by then? Akan kah ia mendapatkan paspor itu?
  2. Won’t you have sent the documents by Thursday? tidak akan kah kamu  telah mengirimkan dokumen menjelang Kamis mendatang?

Contoh Kalimat

  • Aguswill have finished his homework by the time his mother gets home. Agus akan telah menyelesaikan pekerjaan rumahnya menjelang ibunya sampai di rumah
  • Shewill have gotten ready by the time they leave the house.  Dia akan sudah siap pada saat mereka meninggalkan rumah.
  • Laurawill have cleaned out the apartment before she gives back the key.  Laura akan sudah membersihkan apartemen sebelum dia mengembalikan kuncinya.
  • By the time I get home, Zoewill have cooked dinner for both of us. Pada saat aku sampai di rumah, Zoe akan sudah masak untuk makan malam kami berdua
  • The robberswill have taken all the money by the time anyone arrives. Para perampok akan sudah  mengambil semua uang pada saat siapa pun tiba.
  • The snowwill have stopped by April. Salju akan  sudah berhenti pada bulan April.
  • Wewill have returned home by five o’clock. Kami akan kembali di rumah menjelang pukuil 5.
  • By tomorrow, their lifewill have changed  Besok, hidup mereka akan berubah total.
  • We are on vacation. So by the time we get back, wewill have rested andrelaxedKita sedang berlibur. Sehingga pada saat kami kembali, kita akan istirahat dan santai
  • Her heelwill have fully healed by the summer. Tumit nya akan telah sembuh sepenuhnya pada musim panas.
  • By next month, youwill have received your promotion. Bulan depan, Anda akan menerima promosi Anda.

Latihan Soal

Fill in the blanks with the correct future perfect tense form of the verb (in parentheses):

Contoh: By this time tomorrow, I will have read (read) the book.

  1. By the time you get here, I _________ (finish)watching the movie.2. By the time he graduates, Tom _______ (take)all the necessary classes.3. By this time next year, Nancy________  (move) to a new apartment.

    4. By this time tomorrow, We ________ (put) all the furniture in the basement.

    5. By the time my wife gets home, I ________ (prepare) supper.

    6. By this time next week, We __________ (buy) all the Christmas presents.

    7. By this time tomorrow, the Teacher _________ (speak) to her about her grades.

    8. By the time you wake up, your Brother _______ (go) to work.

    9. By the time we get to Chicago, we ________ (drive) for 10 hours.

    10. By the time my friends arrive, I __________ (do) my homework.

 

Answer key

  1. Will have finished
  2. Will have taken
  3. Will have moved
  4. Will have put
  5. Will have prepared
  6. Will have bought
  7. Will have spoken
  8. Will have gone
  9. Will have driven
  10. Will have done

Demikianlah  Pembahasan materi tenses tentang Future perfect tense, mohon maaf jika terdapat kekeliruan dalam  penjelasan pemberian contoh dll. semog materi ini dapat menambah wawasan dan ilmu pengetahuan bahasa Inggris kalian. selamat belajar dan terus semangat.

_ You will never Know till you have tried_