Past Perfect continuous tense
Past Perfect continuous tense

Past Perfect Continuous Tense : Pengertian, Rumus, Fungsi Dan Contoh Kalimat Beserta Soal Latihan

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English Grammar: Pengertian, Rumus, Fungsi  Dan Contoh Kalimat  Past perfect continuous tense Beserta Soal Latihan

 

What is Past perfect continuous tense?

Past perfect continuous tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu aksi (dengan durasi waktu tertentu) telah selesai pada suatu titik waktu tertentu di masa lalu.


Referensi Materi Lainnya dari IBI yang wajib kita ketahui :

 

 

Past Perfect continuous tense
Past Perfect continuous tense

 Rumus

Past perfect continuous tense dibentuk dengan auxiliary verb had dan been dan present participe. Secara umum past perfect continuous tense hanya terjadi pada aksi berupa Dynamic Verb, tidak stative verb karena umumnya hanya dynamic verb yang memiliki bentuk continuous.

Dengan demikian rumus past perfect continuous tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif adalah sebagai berikut.

Jenis Kalimat Rumus Contoh Past Perfect Continuous Tense
positif
(+)
S + had + been + V1-ing/present participle Lia had been walking
The labors had been demonstrating
negatif
(-)
S + had + not + been + V1-ing/present participle Lia had not been walking
The labors hadn’t been demostrating
interogatif
(?)
had + S + been + V1-ing/present participle Had Lia been walking
Had the labors been demonstrating

Fungsi Dan Contoh Kalimat

Fungsi Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Past perfect continuous tense untuk mengekspresikan aksi yang panjang di masa lampau sebelum aksi lainnya terjadi. When the guests came, we had been waiting for an hour.
(Ketika para tamu datang, kita telah menunggu selama satu jam.)
He had been standing in front of the door for thirthy minutes before it was opened.
(Dia telah berdiri di depan pintu selama tiga puluh menit sebelum dibukakan.)
Past perfect continuous tense untuk memberitahukan berapa lama sesuatu terjadi (period of time) atau sampai waktu tertentu di masa lampau. She was annoyed since she had been waiting for 2 hours on the bus station.
(Dia kesal karena telah menunggu selama 2 jam di halte bus.)
By the time the teacher came, the students had been reading a half part of the text.
(Pada waktu guru datang, para siswa telah membaca separuh bagian dari teks.)
had been working with my computer all day, and all I wanted to do was eat some chocolate.
(Saya telah bekerja dengan komputer sepanjang hari, dan yang ingin saya lakukan adalah makan coklat.)

 

 


Additional Lesson: mengenal lebih dekat  Stative Verb

Sesuai dengan namanya, non-action atau stative verb, merupakan kata kerja yang tidak untuk menyatakan tindakan atau kejadian melainkan untuk menyatakan kondisi tidak berubah atau cenderung tetap. Oleh karena itu, stative verb normalnya tidak memilikibentuk progressive atau continuous. Namun ada beberapa stative verb dapat menyatakan aksi seperti action verb. Pada kondisi tersebut, stative verb memiliki -Ing Form.

 

Stative Verb dengan Bentuk Progressive

Berdasarkan general rule memang stative verb tidak memiliki bentuk progressive. Pada kenyataannya ada beberapa stative verb yang melanggar aturan umum tersebut. Namun ketika kata kerja tersebut menggunakan bentuk progressive, makna kalimat menjadi berbeda. Adapun stative verb tersebut antara lain: appear, feel, have, is, look, see, smell, think,taste, dan weigh.

Contoh Kalimat Stative Verb:

Normal Progressive
The children appear happy.
(Anak-anak tersebut tampak bahagia.)
appear = perception
He is appearing under the stage name Woody.
(Dia tampil dengan nama panggung Woody.)
appearing= action
She feels empty.
(Dia merasa hampa.)
feel = perception
She is feeling the fabric.
(Dia menyentuh bahan kain tersebut.)
feeling = touching (action)
They have a leisure time.
(Mereka memiliki waktu luang)
have = possession
They are having a leisure time.
They are having breakfast.
having secara sederhana
merupakan versi progressive-nya
He is a lazy man.
(Dia adalah seorang pria pemalas.)
is = state (condition)
He is being lazy.
(Dia sedang malas.)
being = behaving (action), bersifat temporer
She looks sad.
(Dia terlihat sedih.)
look = perception
She is looking for her sandals.
(Dia sedang mencari sendalnya.)
looking = action
see your brother.
(Saya melihat saudaramu.)
see = perception
I‘m seeing your brother.
(Saya mengencani saudaramu.)
seeing = dating (action)
He is seeing a psychologist.
(Dia mendatangiseorang psikolog.)
seeing = visiting, consulting (action)
Your socks smell bad.
(Kaus kakimu bau)
smell = perception
He‘s smelling the coffee.
(Dia sedang membaui kopi).
smelling = action
think I will buy the product license.
(Saya pikir saya akan membeli lisensi produk tersebut.)
think = opinion
I‘m thinking about buying the product license.
(≈I have been thinking about … recently.)
thinking = considering (action)
This noodle tastes delicious.
(Mie ini terasa lezat.)
taste = perception
The chef is tasting the soup.
(Koki sedang mencicipi sup.)
tasting = action
That woman weighs over 200 pounds.
(Wanita itu berberat lebih dari 200 pon.)
weigh = state (condition)
That woman is weighing the eggs.
(Wanita itu sedang menimbang telur-telur.)
weighing = action

 


Latihan

Complete the sentences in the Past Perfect Progressive.

  1. Cantika needed a break because she (study)________ all morning.
  2. Aisyah (learn) _________English for 12 years before she moved to England.
  3. I did not go out last night because I (work) ________________all day.
  4. Niko felt fit for the marathon because she (train) __________ a lot.
  5. When I went to see Ms Winter, her secretary told me that she (speak)______ on the phone for two hours.
  6. You got sick because you (eat) _______ the whole time.
  7. The musician (live) ______________in this town for ten years when he became director of the opera house.
  8. We (go)____________ out with each other for two years before I met his family.
  9. The passengers (wait) ______________ for four hours before the ground staff could finally give them information on the delay of their flight.
  10. (drive)______________in the wrong direction for an hour before I noticed my mistake.

 

Key Answer

  1. had been studying
  2. had been learning
  3. I had been working
  4. she had been training
  5. shehad been speaking
  6. you had been eating
  7.  had been going
  8. had been living
  9. had been waiting
  10. had been driving

 


Demikianlah penjelasan materi bahasa Inggris tentang Past Perfect Continuous Tense, semoga dapat kalian fahami, mohon maaf jika terdapat kesalahan, atas kunjungannya diucapkan terimakasih.

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