Descriptive Text : Pengertian, Tujuan, Ciri Dan Generic Structure Dalam Bahasa Inggris Beserta Contohnya

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Dalam Bahasa Inggris terdapat beberapa jenis text, yaitu Narrative, Report, Descriptive, Procedure Dan yang lainnya. Dari jenis yang sudah disebutkan salah satunya adalah Descriptive Text. Pada Kesemptan kali ini IBI kan membahas tentang pengertian, ciri, struktur, tujuan dan contoh dari Descriptive Text, mari kita simak.

  1. Pengertian Descriptive Text

Pada bagian ini kita akan membahas tentang pengertian descriptive text. Apa itu descriptive text? descriptive text berasal dari dua suku kata yaitu ‘Descriptive’ yang artinya gambaran dan ‘Text’ yang berarti tulisan. Jadi yang dimaksud dengan Descriptive Text adalah karya tulis atau tulisan yang menggambarkan sesuatu. Ada beberapa definisi tentang Descriptive Text, yaitu;

a. Text yang memberikan informasi tentang bagaimana sesuatu atau seseorang terlihat , suara , dengan menggunakan kata-kata untuk menggambarkan sesuatu atau seseorang seperti apa.

b. Text yang memberikan fakta-fakta tentang bagaimana bahasa benar-benar digunakan daripada aturan yang memberitahu orang bagaimana searunya digunakan.

Dari kedua pengertian diatas dapat ditarik kesimpulan bahwa descriptive text adalah jenis teks yang menggambarkan seseorang, benda atau tempat tertentu sehingga pembaca dapat membayangkan seolah-olah yang diceritakan itu benar-benar nyata.

2. Ciri-Ciri Descriptive Text

  •  a. Descriptive Text menggunakan attribute verb, seperti be (am, is, are)
  • b. Descriptive Text menggunakan simple present tense
  • c. Descriptive Text hanya fokus pada satu objek tersebut.
  • d. Descriptive Tex menggunakan kata sifat atau adjective
  • e. Descriptive Tex menggunakan bahasa yang menarik

3. Generic Struktur Descriptive Text

Ada beberapa susunan umum (generic structure) agar tulisan kita dianggap benar, yaitu:
  • Identification

Identification berisi tentang identifikasi sesuatu, baik makhluk hidup ataupun benda mati yang akan dideskripsikan

  • Description

Description berisi tentang penjelasan / penggambaran tentang sesuatu, baik makhluk hidup ataupun benda mati, dengan menyebutkan beberapa gambaran, sifat, karakter, atau apapun yang berhubungan dengan deskripsi sesuatu yang dimaksud.

4. Tujuan Descriptive Text

Tujuan dari descriptive text adalah untuk menggambarkan dan mengungkapkan atau mendeskripsikan ciri-ciri dari orang, benda, hewan , tempat dan lain-lainya. Desciptive text dibuat tanpa melakukan penelitian secara detail, jadi penulis hanya menulis cerita descriptive text berdasarkan apa yang dilihat dan didengar.

5. Contoh Descriptive Text

Pada bagian ini amkan membahas tentang contoh dari descriptive text.

  • Decriptive Text (people/orang)

Taylor Swift

contoh Descriptive text person taylor-swift

Taylor Alison Swift or more popular with Taylor Swift was born in Wyomissing, Pennsylvania, USA at 13 Desember 1989. She is a music country singer. She is also my inspiration and role model. Taylor Swift loves to sing since childhood. Her first song is “Lucky You” which she wrote while still sitting in school. Taylor Swift likes to sing while playing the guitar. Her appearance and performance is simple but charming. On concert, she usually  using a short dress and carrying a guitar. She always sings with relaxing and soulful.

 Taylor Swift is very beautiful. She is tall and her skin is white, her eyes is blue. Her nose is sharp, she has curly hair, and its color is blond. Taylor Swift won many award such as Album of the Year for Fearless, as well as Best Female Country Vocal Performance and Best Country Song for “White Horse”. She also is the Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for “You Belong with me”.

Taylor has taught me many things such us to be fearless, to always fight for your dreams no matter what, to know that if I’m different that’s a good thing and I don’t have to change that, to be myself, to never give up on my dreams.




  • Decriptive Text ( place /tempat)

contoh Decriptive Text Plece/tepat Bali

Bali (Indonesian)

Bali is an island and province of Indonesia. The province includes the island of Bali and a few smaller neighbouring islands, notably Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan, and Nusa Ceningan. It is located at the westernmost end of the Lesser Sunda Islands, between Java to the west and Lombok to the east. Its capital of Denpasar is located at the southern part of the island.With a population of 3,890,757 in the 2010 census, and 4,225,000 as of January 2014, the island is home to most of Indonesia’s Hindu minority.

According to the 2010 Census, 83.5% of Bali’s population adhered to Balinese Hinduism, followed by 13.4% Muslim, Christianity at 2.5%, and Buddhism 0.5%.Bali is a popular tourist destination, which has seen a significant rise in tourists since the 1980s. It is renowned for its highly developed arts, including traditional and modern dance, sculpture, painting, leather, metalworking, and music.

The Indonesian International Film Festival is held every year in Bali.Bali is part of the Coral Triangle, the area with the highest biodiversity of marine species. In this area alone over 500 reef building coral species can be found. For comparison, this is about 7 times as many as in the entire Caribbean. There is a wide range of dive sites with high quality reefs, all with their own specific attractions. Many sites can have strong currents and swell, so diving without a knowledgeable guide is unadvisable. Most recently, Bali was the host of the 2011 ASEAN Summit, and the 2013 APEC.

  • Decriptive Text ( Animal/hewan)

contoh Decriptive Text ( Animal/hewan) cenrawaih

Cendrawasih ( birds-of-paradise )

Cendrawasih ( birds-of-paradise ) are members of the family Paradisaeidae of the order Passeriformes. The majority of species are found in eastern Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and eastern Australia. The family has 42 species in 14 genera. The members of this family are perhaps best known for the plumage of the males of the sexually dimorphic species (the majority), in particular the highly elongated and elaborate feathers extending from the beak, wings, tail or head. For the most part they are confined to dense rainforest habitat. The diet of all species is dominated by fruit and to a lesser extent arthropods. The birds-of-paradise have a variety of breeding systems, ranging from monogamy to lek-type polygamy.






  • Decriptive Text (Thing/ benda)

contoh Decriptive Text (Thing/ benda) Rose


The rose is a type of flowering shrub. Its name comes from the Latin word Rosa. The flowers of the rose grow in many different colors, from the well-known red rose to yellow roses and sometimes white or purple roses. Roses belong to the family of plants called Rosaceae. All roses were originally wild and they come from several parts of the world, North America, Europe, northwest Africa and many parts of Asia and Oceania. There are over 100 different species of roses.

The wild rose species can be grown in gardens, but most garden roses are cultivars, which have been chosen by people. Over hundreds of years they have been specially bred to produce a wide variety of growing habits and a broad range of colours from dark red to white including as well yellow and a bluish/lilac colour. Many roses have a strong, pleasant scent. Most roses have prickles (incorrectly called thorns) on their stems. Rose bushes are able to tolerate a wide variety of growing conditions. The fruit of the rose is called a hip. Some roses have decorative hips.Roses are widely used across the world as symbols of love, sympathy or sorrow.Rose is widely used as a girl’s name. Also, roses protect themselves from other predators trying to hunt them with thorns, a widely known defense system.

Demikian penjelasan tentang Decriptive Text mencangkup pengertian, ciri-ciri, struktur, tujuan, dan contonya.

-“Jangan berikir seperti bercermin, bepikirlah seperti menggambar”-

semoga bermanfaat-

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