Pengertian Dan Daftar Regular And Irregular Verb Dalam Bahasa Inggris & Artinya

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Irregular Verb

Irregular Verb atau orang mengenalnya dengan sebutan strong verb, adalah kata kerja yang bentuk past tense dan participle diperoleh dengan berbagai cara. Ada kata kerja yang baik bentuk past tense maupun participle-nya sama dengan base form. Ada pula yang berbeda antara base formpast tense, dan participle. Sebagian yang lain banyak yang sama antara past tense dan participle-nya

 


Mari kita lihat daftra Irregular verb berikut ini.

 

Infinitive (Verb 1) Verb 2 Verb 3 Arti
abide abided / abode abided tunduk
alight alighted / alit alighted / alit turun
arise arose arisen timbul
awake awakened / awoke awakened / awoken bangun
backbite backbit backbitten fitnah
backslide backslid backslidden / backslid kembali mengerjakan kebiasaan lama yangg tercela
be [ am, is, are] was, were been  berfungsi sebagai kata kerja bantu (To be)
bear bore born / borne melahirkan
beat beat beaten / beat mengalahkan
become became become menjadi
befall befell befallen menimpa
beget begat / begot begotten memperanakkan
begin began begun mulai
behold beheld beheld melihat
bend bent bent membelok
bereave bereaved / bereft bereaved / bereft kehilangan
beseech besought / beseeched besought / beseeched mohon
beset beset beset menimpa
bestrew bestrewed bestrewn / bestrewed menabur
bet bet / betted bet / betted bertaruh
betake betook betaken berangkat
bethink bethought bethought memikirkan
bid (farewell) bid / bade bidden tawaran (perpisahan)
bid (offer amount) bid bid tawaran (nilai tawaran)
bind bound bound mengikat
bite bit bitten menggigit
bleed bled bled berdarah
blow blew blown memukul
break broke broken istirahat
breed bred bred berkembang biak
bring brought brought membawa
broadcast broadcast / broadcasted broadcast / broadcasted siaran
browbeat browbeat browbeaten / browbeat menggertak
build built built membangun
burn burned / burnt burned / burnt membakar
burst burst burst meledak
bust busted / bust busted / bust meledak
buy bought bought membeli
cast cast cast melemparkan
catch caught caught menangkap
chide chided / chid chided / chidden mencaci
choose chose chosen memilih
clap clapped / clapt clapped / clapt bertepuk tangan
cling clung clung berpegang teguh
clothe clothed / clad clothed / clad menyandangi
color breed color bred color bred warna yang dibesarkan
come came come datang
cost cost cost biaya
creep crept crept merayap
cross breed crossbred crossbred lintas jenis
cut cut cut memotong
dare dared / durst dared / durst tantang
daydream daydreamed / daydreamt daydreamed / daydreamt lamunan
deal dealt dealt berurusan
dig dug dug menggali
disprove disproved disproved / disproven membantah
dive (jump head-first) dove / dived dived menyelam (melompat kepala lebih dulu)
dive (scuba diving) dived / dove dived menyelam (scuba diving)
do did done melakukan
draw drew drawn menarik
dream dreamed / dreamt dreamed / dreamt mimpi
drink drank drunk minum
drive drove driven menyetir
dwell dwelt / dwelled dwelt / dwelled tinggal
eat ate eaten makan
en wind en wound en wound angin
fall fell fallen jatuh
feed fed fed makan
feel felt felt merasa
fight fought fought berjuang
find found found menemukan
fit (tailor, change size) fitted / fit fitted / fit cocok (penjahit, ukuran perubahan)
fit (be right size) fit / fitted fit / fitted cocok (bisa ukuran kanan)
flee fled fled melarikan diri
fling flung flung melemparkan
fly flew flown terbang
forbear forbore forborne menahan diri
forbid forbade forbidden melarang
For do For did For done Untuk melakukan
forecast forecast forecast ramalan
forego (also forgo) forewent foregone melepaskan (juga melupakan)
foreknow foreknew foreknown mengetahui sebelumnya
Fore run foreran forerun Jalankan kedepan
foresee foresaw foreseen meramalkan
forespeak forespoke forespoken berbicara kedepan
foretell foretold foretold meramalkan
forget forgot forgotten / forgot lupa
forgive forgave forgiven mengampuni
forsake forsook forsaken meninggalkan
forswear forswore forsworn mengingkari
fraught fraught fraught penuh
freeze froze frozen membekukan
frostbite frostbit frostbitten radang dingin
gainsay gainsaid gainsaid membantah
get got gotten / got mendapatkan
gild gilded / gilt gilded / gilt menyepuh
give gave given memberikan
go went gone pergi
grind ground ground menggiling
grow grew grown tumbuh
Halter break halter broke halter broken Pakaian penutup dada
hamstring hamstrung hamstrung urat lutut
hand-feed hand-fed hand-fed Member makan dengan tangan
handwrite handwrote handwritten Tulisan tangan
hang hung hung menggantung
hang (kill by hanging) hanged / hung hanged / hung menggantung (membunuh dengan menggantung)
have had had memiliki
hear heard heard mendengar
heave heaved / hove heaved / hove mengangkat
hew hewed hewn / hewed menetak
hide hid hidden menyembunyikan
hit hit hit memukul
hold held held memegang
hurt hurt hurt sakit
inbreed inbred inbred memperkawinkan yg sejenis atau sebangsa
inlay inlaid inlaid tatahan
input input / inputted input / inputted masukan
inset inset inset sisipan
interbreed interbred interbred mempersilangkan
intercut intercut intercut memotong
interlay interlaid interlaid meletakkan
interset interset interset mengatur
interweave interwove / interweaved interwoven / interweaved menjalinkan
inweave inwove / inweaved inwoven / inweaved menjalin
jerry-build jerry-built jerry-built serampangan-membangun
keep kept kept menjaga
kneel knelt / kneeled knelt / kneeled berlutut
knit knitted / knit knitted / knit merajut
know knew known tahu
lade laded laden / laded memuati
landslide landslid landslid tanah longsor
lay laid laid awam
lead led led memimpin
lean leaned / leant leaned / leant kurus
leap leaped / leapt leaped / leapt lompatan
learn learned / learnt learned / learnt belajar
leave left left meninggalkan
lend lent lent meminjamkan
let let let membiarkan
lie lay lain berbohong
lie (not tell truth) lied lied kebohongan (tidak jujur)
light lit / lighted lit / lighted cahaya
lip-read lip-read lip-read bibir-baca
lose lost lost kehilangan
make made made membuat
mean meant meant berarti
meet met met memenuhi
misbecome misbecame misbecome bertindak tdk pantas
miscast miscast miscast salah pilih
miscut miscut miscut Salah potong
misdeal misdealt misdealt berlaku salah
Mis do misdid misdone Salah melakukan
mishear misheard misheard salah mendengar
mishit mishit mishit meleset
mislay mislaid mislaid salah meletakkan
mislead misled misled menyesatkan
mislearn mislearned / mislearnt mislearned / mislearnt Salah mempelajari
misread misread misread salah membaca
missay missaid missaid Salah bicara
missend missent missent Salah kirim
misset misset misset Salah mengatur
misspeak misspoke misspoken salah bicara
misspell misspelled / misspelt misspelled / misspelt Salah mengucapkan
misspend misspent misspent memboros
misswear misswore missworn Salah pakai
mistake mistook mistaken kesalahan
misteach mistaught mistaught Salah ajar
mistell mistold mistold Salah menceritakan
misthink misthought misthought Salah berfikir
misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood salah paham
miswrite miswrote miswritten Salah tulis
mow mowed mowed / mown memotong rumput
offset offset offset mengimbangi
outbid outbid outbid mengalahkan dlm menawar
outdo outdid outdone mengalahkan
outdraw outdrew outdrawn menarik lebih banyak orang
outdrink outdrank outdrunk Minum keluar
outdrive outdrove outdriven Keluar berkendara
outfight outfought outfought Melawan keluar
outfly outflew outflown Terbang keluar
outgrow outgrew outgrown mengatasi
outlay outlaid outlaid pengeluaran
outleap outleaped / outleapt outleaped / outleapt Keluar lompatan
outlie (not tell truth) outlied outlied Berdusta (tidak mengatakan yang sebenarnya)
output output / outputted output / outputted keluaran
outride outrode outridden mendahului
outrun outran outrun berlari lebih cepat
outsee outsaw outseen Memandang ke luar
outsell outsold outsold menjual lebih banyak dr
outshine outshined / outshone outshined / outshone lebih cemerlang dr cahaya
Outshoot outshot outshot menembak
outsing outsang outsung bernyanyi
outsit outsat outsat tinggal lebih lama dr
outsleep outslept outslept tertidur
outsmell outsmelled / outsmelt outsmelled / outsmelt mencium
outspeak outspoke outspoken mengucapkan
outspeed outsped outsped mengebut
outspend outspent outspent boros
outspring outsprang / outsprung outsprung Musim semi
outstand outstood outstood berdiri
outswear outswore outsworn bersumpah
outswim outswam outswum berenang
outtell outtold outtold menceritakan
outthink outthought outthought berfikir
outthrow outthrew outthrown melempar
outwear outwore outworn lebih tahan dr
outwind outwound outwound mundur
outwrite outwrote outwritten menulis
overbear overbore overborne / overborn menindih
overbid overbid overbid menawar
overbreed overbred overbred berkembangbiak
overbuild overbuilt overbuilt membangun tambahan
overbuy overbought overbought Terlalu banyak membeli
 overcast overcast overcast mendung
overcome overcame overcome mengatasi
overcut overcut overcut Kelebihan memotong
overdo overdid overdone melebih-lebihkan
overdraw overdrew overdrawn berlebih-lebihan melukiskan peranan
overdrink overdrank overdrunk minum lebih dr
overeat overate overeaten makan terlalu banyak
overfeed overfed overfed meloloh
overhang overhung overhung menganjur
overhear overheard overheard menguping
overlay overlaid overlaid Menaruh lebih dari
overleap overleaped / overleapt overleaped / overleapt berlompat-lompat melalui
overlie overlay overlain berbaring di atas
overpay overpaid overpaid membayar lebih banyak dr yg semestinya
override overrode overridden mengesampingkan
overrun overran overrun membanjiri
oversee oversaw overseen mengawasi
oversell oversold oversold terlalu banyak menjual
overset overset overset membingungkan
oversew oversewed oversewn / oversewed menjahit
overshoot overshot overshot melampaui
oversleep overslept overslept kesiangan
oversow oversowed oversown / oversowed menabur
overspeak overspoke overspoken Banyak bicara (berlebihan dalam bicara)
overspend overspent overspent menyebar uang
overspill overspilled / overspilt overspilled / overspilt sesuatu yg dicurahkan
overspin overspun overspun Atas spin
overspread overspread overspread menyebarkan
overspring oversprang / oversprung / oversprung Atas musim semi
overstand overstood overstood Terlalu tegak
overstrew overstrewed overstrewn / overstrewed lebih dari dagingmu Kubiarkan berhamburan
overstride overstrode overstridden Terlalu melanhkah
overstrike overstruck overstruck Sering mogok
overtake overtook overtaken menyusul
overthink overthought overthought Berfikir berlebihan
overthrow overthrew overthrown menggulingkan
overwear overwore overworn memakai
overwind overwound overwound mundur
overwrite overwrote overwritten menimpa
partake partook partaken mengambil bagian
pay paid paid membayar
plead pleaded / pled pleaded / pled mengaku
prebuild prebuilt prebuilt prebuild
predo predid predone Sebelum mengerjakan
premake premade premade Sebelum membuat
prepay prepaid prepaid prabayar
presell presold presold Sebelum dijual
preset preset preset Sebelum diatur
preshrink preshrank preshrunk Sebelum menyusut
presplit presplit presplit Sebelum split
proofread proofread proofread mengkoreksi cetakan percobaan
prove proved proven / proved membuktikan
put put put menaruh
quick-freeze quick-froze quick-frozen membekukan cepat-cepat
quit quit / quitted quit / quitted berhenti
read read (sounds like “red”) read (sounds like “red”) membaca
reawake reawoke reawaken Kembali sadar
rebid rebid rebid Menawar kembali
rebind rebound rebound Kembali mengikat
rebroadcast rebroadcast / rebroadcasted rebroadcast / rebroadcasted Disiarkan kembali
rebuild rebuilt rebuilt membangun kembali
recast recast recast merombak
recut recut recut Kembali memotong
redeal redealt redealt Kesepakatan ulang
redo redid redone Mengerkajakannya kembali
redraw redrew redrawn Menggambar ulang
refit (replace parts) refit / refitted refit / refitted mereparasi (mengganti bagian)
refit (retailor) refitted / refit refitted / refit mereparasi (retailor)
regrind reground reground Menggiling kembali
regrow regrew regrown tumbuh kembali
rehang rehung rehung Menggantung kembali
rehear reheard reheard Mendengar kembali
reknit reknitted / reknit reknitted / reknit Merajut kembali
relay (for example tiles) relaid relaid Memasang/ membaringkan kembali (misalnya keramik)
relearn relearned / relearnt relearned / relearnt belajar kembali
relight relit / relighted relit / relighted bernyala lagi
remake remade remade Membuat kembali
rend rent / rended rent / rended membelah
repay repaid repaid membayar kembali
reread reread reread membaca kembali
rerun reran rerun memutarkan lagi
resell resold resold menjual kembali
resend resent resent mengirim ulang
reset reset reset Mengatur ulang
resew resewed resewn / resewed Menjahit ulang
retake retook retaken merebut kembali
reteach retaught retaught Mengajar kembali
retear retore retorn Mangis kembali
retell retold retold menyadur
rethink rethought rethought memikirkan kembali
retread retread retread mempulkanisir
retrofit retrofitted / retrofit retrofitted / retrofit retrofit
rewake rewoke / rewaked rewaken / rewaked Bangkit kembali
rewear rewore reworn Memakai kembali
reweave rewove / reweaved rewoven / reweaved Kembali menenun
rewed rewed / rewedded rewed / rewedded Kembali menikah
rewet rewet / rewetted rewet / rewetted Basah kembali
rewin rewon rewon Kembali juara
rewind rewound rewound mundur
rewrite rewrote rewritten menulis kembali
rid rid rid membebaskan
ride rode ridden naik
ring rang rung cincin
rise rose risen naik
rive rived riven / rived membelah
roughcast roughcast roughcast yg dibuat secara kasar
run ran run menjalankan
sand-cast sand-cast sand-cast pasir-cor
saw sawed sawed / sawn melihat
say said said mengatakan
see saw seen melihat
seek sought sought mencari
self-feed self-fed self-fed Member makan sendiri
self-sow self-sowed self-sown / self-sowed menabur diri
sell sold sold menjual
send sent sent mengirim
set set set mengatur
sew sewed sewn / sewed menjahit
shake shook shaken gemetar
shave shaved shaved / shaven mencukur
shear sheared sheared / shorn geser
shed shed shed gudang
shine shined / shone shined / shone bersinar
shit shit / shat / shitted shit / shat / shitted omong kosong
shoe shoed / shod shoed / shod sepatu
shoot shot shot menembak
show showed shown / showed pertunjukan
shrink shrank / shrunk shrunk menyusut
shrive shrived / shrove shriven mendengarkan pengakuan dosa dan mengampuni
shut shut shut menutup
sight-read sight-read sight-read melihat-membaca
sing sang sung menyanyi
sink sank / sunk sunk wastafel
sit sat sat duduk
skywrite skywrote skywritten menulis
slay (kill) slew / slayed slain / slayed membunuh (membunuh)
slay (amuse) slayed slayed membunuh (menghibur)
sleep slept slept tidur
slide slid slid meluncur
sling slung slung ambin
slink slinked / slunk slinked / slunk mengendap-endap
slit slit slit celah
smell smelled / smelt smelled / smelt bau
smite smote smitten / smote memukul
sneak sneaked / snuck sneaked / snuck menyelinap
sow sowed sown / sowed menabur
speak spoke spoken berbicara
speed sped / speeded sped / speeded kecepatan
spell spelled / spelt spelled / spelt mengeja
spend spent spent menghabiskan
spill spilled / spilt spilled / spilt tumpahan
spin spun spun berputar
spit spit / spat spit / spat meludah
split split split berpisah
spoil spoiled / spoilt spoiled / spoilt memanjakan
spoon-feed spoon-fed spoon-fed menyuap
spread spread spread menyebar
spring sprang / sprung sprung musim semi
stall-feed stall-fed stall-fed warung-mkanan
stand stood stood berdiri
stave staved / stove staved / stove juluan
steal stole stolen mencuri
stick stuck stuck tongkat
sting stung stung sengat
stink stunk / stank stunk bau
strew strewed strewn / strewed menaburi
stride strode stridden langkah
strike (delete) struck stricken mogok (menghapus)
strike (hit) struck struck / stricken menabrak
string strung strung tali
strip stripped / stript stripped / stript strip
strive strove / strived striven / strived berusaha keras
sublet sublet sublet menyewakan lagi
sunburn sunburned / sunburnt sunburned / sunburnt berjemur
swear swore sworn bersumpah
sweat sweat / sweated sweat / sweated keringat
sweep swept swept menyapu
swell swelled swollen / swelled membengkak
swim swam swum berenang
swing swung swung ayunan
take took taken mengambil
teach taught taught mengajar
tear tore torn air mata
telecast telecast telecast siaran televisi
tell told told menceritakan
test-drive test-drove test-driven menjalankan sbg percobaan
test-fly test-flew test-flown uji-terbang
think thought thought berpikir
thrive thrived / throve thrived / thriven berkembang
throw threw thrown melemparkan
thrust thrust thrust dorongan
tread trod trodden / trod tapak
troubleshoot troubleshot troubleshot memecahkan
typecast typecast typecast menetapkan sbg pemain peranan dr tipe tertentu
typeset typeset typeset mengeset
typewrite typewrote typewritten mengetik
unbend unbent unbent meluruskan
unbind unbound unbound memperlonggar
unbuild unbuilt unbuilt Tidak membangun
unclothe unclothed / unclad unclothed / unclad Tidak berpakaian
underbid underbid underbid menawarkan harga yd lebih rendah
underbuy underbought underbought membeli
undercut undercut undercut menjual dgn harga yg lebih rendah
underfeed underfed underfed kurang memberi makanan
undergo underwent undergone mengalami
underlay underlaid underlaid mendasari
underlet underlet underlet diizinkan
underlie underlay underlain mendasari
underrun underran underrun berlari
undersell undersold undersold menjual dgn harga yg lebih rendah
undershoot undershot undershot menembak terlalu rendah dr
underspend underspent underspent menghabiskan
understand understood understood memahami
undertake undertook undertaken melakukan
Under thrust underthrust underthrust Dibawah dorongan
underwrite underwrote underwritten menanggung
undo undid undone membuka
undraw undrew undrawn menggambar
unfreeze unfroze unfrozen mencairkan
unhang unhung unhung menggantung
unhide unhid unhidden Jangan sembunyikan
unhold unheld unheld melepas
unknit unknitted / unknit unknitted / unknit Tidak merajut
unlade unladed unladen / unladed memperturunkan
unlay unlaid unlaid Tidak menaruh
unlearn unlearned / unlearnt unlearned / unlearnt belajar meninggalkan
unmake unmade unmade Tidak membuat
unsay unsaid unsaid diam
unsew unsewed unsewn / unsewed Tidak menjahit
unsling unslung unslung Tidak sling
unspin unspun unspun Tidak berputar
unstick unstuck unstuck Bukan tongkat
unstring unstrung unstrung Tidak string
unswear unswore unsworn Tak bersumpah
unteach untaught untaught Tak mengajar
unthink unthought unthought Tidak berfikir
unweave unwove / unweaved unwoven / unweaved Tidak menenun
unwind unwound unwound beristirahat
unwrite unwrote unwritten Tak menulis
uphold upheld upheld menegakkan
upset upset upset bingung
vex vexed / vext vexed / vext menyakitkan hati
wake woke / waked woken / waked bangun
waylay waylaid waylaid mencegat
wear wore worn memakai
weave wove / weaved woven / weaved menenun
wed wed / wedded wed / wedded mengawinkan
weep wept wept menangis
wet wet / wetted wet / wetted basah
whet whetted whetted mengasah
win won won menang
wind wound wound angin
withdraw withdrew withdrawn menarik
withhold withheld withheld menahan
withstand withstood withstood menahan
wring wrung wrung memeras
write wrote written menulis

 


Regular Verb = Irregular Verb

sahabat IBI, ternyata Ada juga sejumlah kata kerja yang dapat menjadi  regular verb maupun irregular dengan makna yang sama.

Base Form Regular Verb Irregular Verb Makna
Past Tense Past Participle Past Tense Past Participle
bless blessed blessed blest blest memberkati, merestui
learn learned learned learnt learnt mempelajari
input inputted inputted input input memasukkan

 

Namun ada pula kata kerja yang memiliki makna berbeda, tergantung berfungsi sebagai apa dia verb itu regular verb atau irregular verb.

Contoh Kata Kerja dengan Makna Berbeda:

Kata Kerja Base Form Past Tense Past Participle Makna
regular verb hang hanged hanged menggantung (membunuh)
irregular verb hang hung hung menggantung (benda)

 


Itulah penjelasan meteri tentang Regular and Irregular verb, semoga kamu dapat menghafal dan memahaminya dengan baik, selamat mencoba semoga sukses. amiin

_Memahami lebih baik daripada menghafal, tapi akan jauh lebih sempurna jika kita memahami apa yang kita hafal kan_