Past Continuous Tense
Past Continuous Tense

Past Continuous Tense : Pengertian, Fungsi, Rumus, Dan Contoh Kalimat Beserta Latihan Soal & Jawaban

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Past Continuous Tense : Pengertian, Fungsi, Rumus, Dan Contoh Kalimatnya Dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap Dengan Contoh Latihan Soal & Jawaban

Hi sahabat IBI,

Apa kabar kalian semua? semoga sehat dan terus semangat belajar bahasa inggris bersama IBI ya. kali ini admin akan berbagi ilmu seputar tenses dalam bahasa inggris. kalian tahu kan ada berapa tenses dalam bahasa inggris dan apa saja fungsi atau penggunaannya? admin akan mencoba mengupasnya bersama IBI,

Tapi untuk kali ini kita akan fokus membahas Past Continous tense. ikuti terus ya..!!!


Apa itu Past Continuous Tense?

Past Continuous tense adalah bentuk tenses yang digunakan untuk menjelaskan  sebuah aktivitas yang sedang terjadi dimasa lampau dalam masa waktu tertentu. atau menjelaskan sebuah aktivitas tertentu yang sedang terjadi dimasa lalu.

Past Continuous Tense
Past Continuous Tense

Past Continuous juga menjelaskan sebuah tindakan yang  berlangsung sampai waktu tertentu dimasa lalu. penekanan ini digunakan untuk sebuah pembicaraan tentang tindakan pada waktu tertentu di masa lalu. dengan kata lain past continuous tense digunakan untuk menjelaskan aktifitas yang masih berlangsung (belum selesai) atau belum lengkap yang terjadi dimasa lalu (an unfinished or incomplete action in the past).

 

contoh.

I was sleeping when you came to my house. aku sedang tidur ketika kamu datang kerumah ku waktu itu.


Referensi Materi dari IBI yang wajib kita ketahui :


 

Fungsi Past Continuous 

  • Interrupted Action in the Past

Past Continuous sering digunakan untuk menjelaskan sebuah aktifitas yang sedang berlangsung dimasa lampau dan terhenti oleh aktifitas yang lain dimasa lampau. dalam sebuah kalimat kita biasanya menggunakan kata ” when ” untuk menghubungkan anatara dua kalimat.

  • Specific Time as an Interruption

Kita menggunakan Past Continuous ketika  berbicara tentang tindakan atau situasi yang berlangsung selama beberapa waktu di masa lalu, dan waktu durasi itu tidak diketahui atau tidak penting.

Contoh. I was watching TV yesterday in the evening. kemarin sore aku sedang menonton TV.

  • Parallel Actions

Kita juga menggunakan tensis ini untuk berbicara tentang dua atau lebih aktivitas  yang terjadi pada saat yang sama. kita biasanya menggunakan kta ”                  While”  untuk menghubungkan dua kalimat.

Contoh. I was watching TV and Barbara was reading a book. aku sedang menonton TV dan Barbara membaca buku. 

  • Polite questions

Jika kita ingin mengajukan pertanyaan sopan, kita dapat menggunakan Past Continuous.

Contoh.

  • I was wondering if you could open the window. Aku bertanya-tanya jika Anda bisa membuka jendela.
  • I was thinking you might help me with this problem. Aku berpikir Anda bisa membantu saya dengan masalah ini

Meskipun kalimat memiliki bentuk Past Continuous, mereka mengacu pada aktifitas saat ini. Makna mereka mirip dengan kalimat “”could you”, tetapi mereka lebih santun

  • Repetition and Irritation with “Always”

Ingat bahwa kita juga dapat mengekspresikan irritation (Pengulangan) selama seseorang atau sesuatu di masa lalu.

Contoh.   She was always coming late for dinner!. dia selalu datang terlambat saat makan siang. 

  • Sering kali, untuk menjelaskan latar belakang cerita yang ditulis dalam bentuk lampau

Misalnya. 

“Matahari bersinar dan burung-burung bernyanyi sementara gajah keluar dari hutan. Hewan lain sedang bersantai di bawah naungan pohon-pohon, tetapi Gajah bergerak sangat cepat. Dia mencari bayinya, dan ia tidak memperhatikan pemburu yang sedang mengintainya melalui teropong. Ketika tembakan berdering, ia berjalan ke arah Sungai…”

  • Untuk menggambarkan suatu tindakan/kejadian  yang belum selesai yang terganggu oleh tindakan/kejadian lai.

Misalnya. 

I was having a beautiful dream when the alarm clock rang.”“Saya sedang mengalami mimpi indah ketika jam alarm berdering. 

  • Untuk mengungkapkan tentang perubahan pemikiran/ rencana.

Contoh.

“I was going to spend the day at the beach but I’ve decided to get my homework done instead.” aku sedang menghabiskan hari ku dipantai, tapi aku memutuskan untuk mengerjakan tugas ku dirumah. 


Bentuk Formulasi atau Rumus Past Continuous tense   

[was/were + present participle]

  • POSITIVE STATEMENTS
SUBJECT WAS / WERE VERB + ing REST OF THE SENTENCE
I was sleeping at 11 p.m. last night.
You were sleeping at 11 p.m. last night.
He was sleeping at 11 p.m. last night.
Mohan was sleeping at 11 p.m. last night.
The boy was sleeping at 11 p.m. last night.
She was sleeping at 11 p.m. last night.
Pooja was sleeping at 11 p.m. last night.
The girl was sleeping at 11 p.m. last night.
We were sleeping at 11 p.m. last night.
You were sleeping at 11 p.m. last night.
They were sleeping at 11 p.m. last night.
The children were sleeping at 11 p.m. last night.

 

  • NEGATIVE STATEMENTS
SUBJECT WAS NOT/ WERE NOT VERB + Ing REST OF THE SENTENCE
I was not listening to music at 4 p.m. yesterday.
You were not listening to music at 4 p.m. yesterday.
He was not listening to music at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Mohan was not listening to music at 4 p.m. yesterday.
The boy was not listening to music at 4 p.m. yesterday.
She was not listening to music at 4 p.m. yesterday.
Pooja was not listening to music at 4 p.m. yesterday.
The girl was not listening to music at 4 p.m. yesterday.
We were not listening to music at 4 p.m. yesterday.
You were not listening to music at 4 p.m. yesterday.
They were not listening to music at 4 p.m. yesterday.
The men were not listening to music at 4 p.m. yesterday.

 

  • INTERROGATIVE STATEMENTS / QUESTIONS
WAS / WERE SUBJECT VERB (in base form) REST OF THE SENTENCE
Was I eating breakfast at 7 a.m. yesterday?
Were you eating breakfast at 7 a.m. yesterday?
Was he eating breakfast at 7 a.m. yesterday?
Was Mohan eating breakfast at 7 a.m. yesterday?
Was the boy eating breakfast at 7 a.m. yesterday?
Was she eating breakfast at 7 a.m. yesterday?
Was Pooja eating breakfast at 7 a.m. yesterday?
Was the girl eating breakfast at 7 a.m. yesterday?
Were we eating breakfast at 7 a.m. yesterday?
Were you eating breakfast at 7 a.m. yesterday?
Were they eating breakfast at 7 a.m. yesterday?
Were the men eating breakfast at 7 a.m. yesterday?

 


Contoh kalimat Past Continuous tense

  1. At 3 PM, I was having lunch. At 3 PM, saya setelah makan siang.
  2. They were talking about her when she walked into the room. Mereka berbicara tentang dirinya ketika ia berjalan ke kamar.
  3. While Kenneth was cleaning the living room, Sam was washing the dishes. Sementara Kenneth sedang membersihkan ruang, Sam sedang mencuci piring.
  4. We were all thinking about our holidays. Kami semua berpikir tentang liburan kami
  5. Was she going to the theater when it started raining? Apakah Dia akan teater ketika hujan mulai?
  6. Were you painting your house yesterday at 5 PM?  apakah  Anda melukis rumah Anda jam 5 sore.?
  7. Was Mary shopping when the mall was burning.?Apakah Maria berbelanja ketika mal terbakar?
  8. He asked me why I wasn’t having dinner at the hotel. Dia bertanya padaku mengapa aku tidak  makan malam di hotel.
  9. He asked me why I wasn’t having dinner at the hotel. Dia bertanya padaku mengapa aku tidak makan malam di hotel.
  10. She was always coming late for dinner! Dia selalu datang terlambat untuk makan malam!

 


Contoh Soal Latihan

Put the verbs into the correct form (past progressive).

  1. When I phoned my friends, they (play) ____________monopoly.
  2. Yesterday at six I (prepare) _______________dinner.
  3. The kids (play) ___________in the garden when it suddenly began to rain.
  4. I (practice) _______________________the guitar when he came home.
  5. We (not / cycle) _________all day.
  6. While Aaron (work) _________ in his room, his friends (swim) _________in the pool.
  7. I tried to tell them the truth but they (listen / not) _______.
  8. What (you / do) ________________yesterday?
  9. Most of the time we (sit) _________in the park.

Answers.

  1. were playing
  2. was Preparing
  3.  were Playing
  4. was Practicing
  5.  were not cycling
  6. was working, were swimming
  7. were not listening
  8. were you doing
  9. were sitting

Demikian pembahasan materi Bahasa Inggris tentang Past Continuous tenses. mohon maaf bila ada kesalahan. Selamat belajar. Semoga bermanfaat.

__Tuhan tidak akan memberikan  Ujian diluar batas kemampuan Hambanya_

=so, Keep smile=