adverb position
adverb position

Adverb : Pengertian, Jenis, Penggunaan, Contoh Kalimat Dan Latihan Soal Lengkap

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English Grammar : Mengenal Lebih Dekat Posisi Dan Fungsi Penggunaan Adverb Dalam Kalimat Bahasa Inggris  Lengkap Dengan Contoh Latihan Soal & Jawabannya

 

Dalam sebuah kalimat bahasa Inggris Adverb (Kata Keterangan) dapat terletak pada banyak posisi, bisa didepan, dibelakang atau akhir kalimat, hal ini tergantung pada jenis Adverb itu sendiri,

Diakhir kalimat atau Setelah kata Kerja (Jika tidak ada objek langsung), misal; Mahmood Works lazily. Mahmood bekerja dengan malas.


Referensi Materi Lainnya dari IBI yang wajib kita ketahui :

adverb position
adverb position

Adapun jenis dan posisi adverb adalah berikut:

Adverb of Manner

(e.g.: slowly, carefully, awfully)

adverbs ini diletakkan dibelakang direct object (dibelakang verb jika tidak ada direct object).

subject verb(s) direct object adverb
He drove the car carefully.
He drove carefully.

 

Adverbs of Place

(e.g.: here, there, behind, above)

seperti adverbs of manner, adverbs  ini juga diletakkan dibelakang direct object atau the verb.

subject verb(s) direct object adverb
I didn’t see him here.
He stayed behind.

 

Adverbs of Time

(e.g.: recently, now, then, yesterday)

Adverbs of time selalu tiletakkan diakhir kalimat.

subject verb(s) indirect object direct object time
I will tell you the story tomorrow.

Tapi kalau kita tidak bermaksud menekankan pada waktu, kita boleh meletakkan adverb ini diawal kalimat.

time subject verb(s) indirect object direct object
Tomorrow I will tell you the story.

 

Adverbs of Frequency

(e.g.: always, never, seldom, usually)

Adverbs of frequency diletakkan secara langsung sebelum  main verb.tapi jika “ be” adalah  main verb dan tidak ada auxiliary verb, maka adverbs of frequency diletakkan dibelakang ‘be’.

subject auxiliary/be adverb main verb object, place or time
I often go swimming in the evenings.
He doesn’t always play tennis.
We are usually here in summer.
I have never been abroad.

 

Adverb of Affirmation (Kata keterangan penegas)

1.     Diawal Kalimat (Mendahului Subject)

Contoh.

·        Yes, Youar quite Right. Ya , kamu sungguh benar.

·        Surely, you know him? Yakin kah kamu mengenalnya?

2.     Sebelum kata kerja atau diantara auxiliary verb dan infinitive

Contoh.

·        They certainly need some help. Mereka tentu saja membutuhkan bantuan

3.     Diakhir sebuah kalimat

Contoh.

·        She is very happy indeed.dia sungguh sangat gembira

·        They need some help, certainly. Mereka membutuhkan bantuan, tentu

 

Adverb Of Degree (Kata keterangan Tingkat)

1.     Sebelum adjective atau adverb

Contoh.

·        She is very pretty girl. Dia gadis yang sangat cantik

·        He sings very well. Dia bernyanyi dengan sangat baik

2.     Tetapi bentuk “ Enough” harus diletakkan setelah adjective atau adverb  atau didepan kata benda

Contoh.

·        She is clever enough. Dia cukup pintar

·        We don’t have enough many. Kita tidak mempunyai cukup uang.

3.     Kata “Almost, completely, just, quite,  dan rather” dan beberapa bentuk adverb of degree yang menerangkan kata kerja harus diletakkan sebelum kata keja atau setelah auxiliary verb

Contoh.

·        There is almost no hope for him. Hampir tidak ada harapan untuk dia

·        She quite understand. Dia Sungguh Mengerti

 

Adverbs with verbs

Contoh.

  • ‘Sheslowly entered the room.’
  • ‘Hecarefully drove through the city.’

adverbs with adjectives

contoh.

  • ‘The test wasextremely difficult.’
  • ‘I’mincredibly sorry about what I did.’

adverbs with adverbs

adverb yang pertama memberikan informasi yang lebih lengkap kepada kita tentang adverb ke 2.

Perhatikan contoh.

  • ‘The cheetah runsincredibly quickly.
  • ‘He talksexceptionally loudly.’

Adverbs

contoh.

  • Unfortunately, I will be out of the office for the next 3 days’
  • Surprisingly, the team was beaten in the final.’

Latihan

Rewrite the sentences and put the adverbs in correctly.

  1. She speaks. (slowly) __________
  2. They sang. (wonderfully) ___________
  3. We were in London. (last week) ________
  4. He walks his dog. (rarely) ___________
  5. She waited. (patiently) __________
  6. My father goes fishing. (always) ____________
  7. Your bedroom is. (upstairs) __________
  8. We don’t go skiing. (in summer) _____________
  9. Cats can hear. (well) ___________
  10. I saw him. (there) _________________

 

Answers.

 

  1. We were in London last week.
  2. He rarely walks his dog.
  3. She waited patiently.
  4. My father always goes fishing.
  5. Your bedroom is upstairs.
  6. We don’t go skiing in summer.
  7. Cats can hear well.
  8. I saw him there.
  9. The girl speaks English fluently.
  10. I have never seen that film before.

Demikian penjelasan materi bahasa Inggris Mengenai Posisi dan Penggunaan Adverb dalam kalimat bahasa Inggris. mohon maaf bila terdapat kesalahan, silahkan sampaikan koreksi yang membangun. semoga artikel ini dapat bermanfaat bagi kita semua, selamat belajar, atas kunjungannya diucapkan terimakasih.

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